American Journal of Irish Studies, volume 12
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Marion Casey speculates as to why ArchbishopJohn Hughes selected the relative wilderness of 51st Street inManhattan for the site of St. Patrick’s Cathedral in themid-nineteenth century. She suggests that the location alongwith the August date for its corner stone laying ceremony wasone of many deliberately symbolic decisions made by Hughes in 1858.Pointing back to his roots in Ulster, Casey argues that Hughes tappedinto Irish landscape memories and mentaltransnationalism in order to persuade the NewYork archdiocese’slargely Irish immigrant base . of the needfor such an expensive, long-termconstruction project.
“Everything Depends on the First Year”: Archbishop John Hughes and his Fundraising Plan for St. Patrick’s Cathedral
Kate Feighery explains how New York Archbishop John Hughes paidfor the construction of St. Patrick’s Cathedral in thenineteenth century, relying primarily on a group of carefullycultivated patrons and friends, mostly Irish, upon whom he could turn tofund not only the cathedral, but other projects for the diocese. Feighery contends thatthese generous and reliable men established a tradition and culture ofphilanthropy that was carried on by their widows anddescendants and created a model for capital campaigns and sustained giving tothe present day, including the funding for the latest restoration of the cathedral in the twenty-first century.
A Tower of Strength to the Movement: Father Michael Hannan and the Irish Republic
David Emmons takes a look at the nationalistpolitics of immigrant clergy and laborers focusing on themining town of Butte, MT and a local Irish priest, Father Michael Hannan in the earlydecades of the twentieth century. Fr. Hannon was a man of God andIreland, who not only joined Irish fraternal clubs like the RobertEmmet Literary Association (a branch of Clan na Gael) and the Pearse-ConnollyIrish Workers Club but gave some groups, like the latter, space to meet in hisparish buildings. Emmons maintains that Hannan was an unsettled man; thepolitical voices from Ireland spoke to him as anIrishman, but he also felt that the rhetoric of James Connolly, Patrick Pearse,and othershad much to share with the labor movement in America. His nationalistpolitical support and his hope for a radical rebirth of Ireland were essential.
Lost Republics:The Cashman Brothers in Ireland and America, 1870s–1920s
Kerby Miller examines the same time period as David Emmonsthrough the lens of two brothers, Tim and Dan Cashman. Both men were laborerswho became disillusioned in America and never found the pot of gold that themythology of the land of opportunity promised them. Like Fr. Hannan in Butte, theyfollowed the events in Ireland through the early 1920s, often equating thestruggle in their homeland with workers’ rights in America. They found lifedifficult for the working man but found hope in the politics in Ireland, onlyto be disappointed when the outcome of the Civil War did not yield thegovernment or society they imagined for it.
The Role of Ballymaloe in the Irish Food Renaissance
Darina Allen offers a contemporary look at life on the land in Ireland. One of the foremost celebrity chefs in the country, Allen recounts the evolution of her family business from a small country dining room opened by her mother-in-law,Myrtle, to a foodie destination. She is an internationally recognized food professional and farm to table advocate with numerous cook books to her name, a television cooking show, a thriving restaurant and the Ballymaloe Cookery School that offers half day classes to degree programs for cooks of all levels.Ms. Allen suggests that the success of the Ballymaloe enterprises began with her mother-in-law’s belief in the innate quality of locally grown and produced Irish products. That conviction carried the family business forward and Ms.Allen argues that it is the basis for the food industry resurgence in Ireland today that promotes a green economy and offers a variety of career opportunities for young Irish graduates.
Oral History: County Societies in Irish New York
Miriam Nyhan examines the Irish county associations that thrived in New York City in the postwar period. These fraternal groups were active social networks that helped new immigrants find work,housing, and friends in a new land. They were engaged in local philanthropy and on occasion, political issues, that affected their community. The interviews and archival material she investigates, many of which are found in the Glucksman Ireland House Archives of Irish America at New York University,are a rich source of information on an important segment of social and cultural ethnic life in mid-twentieth century Irish America.
Linda Dowling Almeida is a member of the faculty at Glucksman Ireland House. She teaches Irish-American history, literature, and oral history. She currently edits the American Journal of Irish Studies as well as the reviews section of the New York Irish History Roundtable Journal and the Roundtable’s newsletter. Among her publications are Irish Immigrants to New York City: 1945–1995 (2001) and “IrishAmerica 1945–2000” in Making the Irish American: History and Heritage of the Irish in the United States (2006).
Marion R. Casey teaches Irish-American history at New YorkUniversity, where she is a Clinical Assistant Professor at Glucksman IrelandHouse. She also serves as the SeniorArchivist for the Archives of Irish America, Bobst Library, New York University. In addition to journalarticles, her publications include essays in Making the Irish American: History and Heritage of the Irish in theUnited States (2006, a volume she co-edited with J. J. Lee), Race and Ethnicity in America: A ConciseHistory (2003), and The New YorkIrish (1996), as well as the major entries on the Irish in The Encyclopedia of New York City (1995;rev. 2nd edition, 2009) and TheEncyclopedia of New York State (2005).
Kate Feighery is currently the Archival Manager at theArchives of the Archdiocese of New York, a position she has held since2012. She received her undergraduatedegree from Ursinus College in 2006, a Master's Degree in Irish & IrishAmerican Studies from New York University in 2010, and an Advanced Certificatein Archiving, also from New York University, in 2012. She is a certified archivist, and serves as aboard member for the Association of Catholic Diocesan Archivists and the NewYork Irish History Roundtable.
David M. Emmons is Professor of History Emeritus at theUniversity of Montana. He is the author of TheButte Irish (1989) and Beyond the American Pale (2010) as wellas a number of articles on Irish American history. His present research projectis tentatively titled Fosterlands: Essayson the Irish in North America,1845-1940.
Kerby Miller is Emeritus Curators' Professor of History atthe University of Missouri's main campus in Columbia, MO. His scholarly publications include theprize-winning studies, Emigrants andExiles: Ireland and the Irish Exodus to North America (Oxford, 1985), and Irish Immigrants in the Land of Canaan(Oxford, 2003). Among his most recentpublications are Ireland and Irish America: Culture, Class, and Transatlantic Migration (Dublin, 2008), and Catholics and Protestants in Eighteenth-Century Ireland: TheIrish Religious Censuses of the 1760s (Dublin, 2015 forthcoming).
Darina Allen is Ireland’s most well-known cook and abest-selling author who also hosts a television cooking program called Simply Delicious in Ireland. She is a tireless ambassador for Irish foodboth at home and abroad, as well as the benefits of locally sourced freshingredients for every table. She and her family run the restaurant startedby her mother-in-law Myrtle in 1964 and a cooking school which opened in 1983at Ballymaloe House in Cork.
Dr. Nyhan received her BA and MPhil from the UniversityCollege Cork and her PhD from the European University Institute, Florence. She is on the faculty of Arts and Science atGlucksman Ireland House NYU. Her book, “Are You Still Below?” The Ford MarinaPlant, Cork, 1917–1984 (Cork: The Collins Press, 2007), provides anilluminating social history of Ireland’s only Ford factory, drawing heavily onoral histories.
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